The medical term for muscle pain is called myalgia. Many kinds of diseases and conditions have muscle pain as a symptom. The pain could be acute or chronic that is short term or long term depending on the causes.
An overview of myalgia will help you understand it better and guide you when to seek proper medical help.
Symptoms of myalgia
Myalgia is usually indicated by deep muscle pain. Though the pain feels like a pulled muscle, when the condition is chronic, it can cause pain at rest and with movement.
Other symptoms include:
Causes of myalgia
When you exert yourself beyond a limit, it can lead to myalgia, though this condition is short-lived and can be managed very easily. When muscle pain is continuous, it is classified as chronic myalgia and will have long-term effects with widespread muscle pain.
Many times myalgia can be the side effect of medicines like statins (cholesterol medication). Specific glucocorticoids, immunologic drugs, and antimicrobials also cause myopathies. When you abruptly stop using opioids, caffeine or alcohol even that can trigger myalgia.
Conditions causing myalgia
Acute myalgia may be the symptom of certain acute conditions like:
When to seek medical help?
Mostly pain due to myalgia can be managed at home, but it can be a sign that there is some underlying problem. It is better to seek medical help if:
We know that myalgia is just a symptom of an underlying condition and so needs to be looked into. This is particularly if muscle pain is accompanied by inflammation. The tests will confirm the underlying condition for which treatment has to be initiated, and this will lead to a solution for muscle pain.
The most common treatment is specialized physical therapy. The therapist helps you manage stress and focus on ergonomics to improve workplace and home risks or injury. If the doctor feels the physical therapy alone is not working then medications help manage the pain. In few cases pain injections and anti-inflammatory drugs are given directly to the pain area, which reduces the pain.